KC

Changes of Figure Skating

Author: 
npardasey
    

Changes of Figure Skating
                             By: Nalini

Figure Skating ice skating consisting of one or more planned
sequences of required and optional spins, jumps and dance like
maneuvers, originally consisting of a program in which the skaters
traced prescribed, usually elaborate figures. Figure skating began
4,000 years ago in Finland, but today it is a respected American sport.
Between 1908 through 2010 the figure skating has also gone through
amazing changes, as seen in the Vancouver Games. Many people do
not have an understanding of what are the problems of figure skating.
As a result, the culture of figure skating has faced many problems
over the past few years.

How Figure Skating Became an Olympic Sport


Before the modern Olympic Games had even been established
figure skating was establishing it’s self as an organized international
sport. Starting in 1863 when the American Jackson Haines moved to
Vienna, he wanted to escape the studying and rigid American form
of figures, and a year later developed the idea of choreograph on ice
movement, teaching skaters ballet and setting their figures to music.
He also added costumes, spins, and a full turn of the body called
pirouettes that delighted the Austrian crowds. This form of skating
became known as “the international style of figure skating” and
became the foundation for contemporary figure skating.
In 1870’s Figure Skating begin to catch on as an organized sport
as national governing bodies emerged in England, Canada and the
United States. In 1882 Vienna the first organized international skating
meet was held with a competition format to similar to later Olympics.
In 1892 International Skating was founded and gained formal authority
as the sport’s governing international body in 1897. In 1896, St.
Petersburg, Russia was the first sight of the first World Figure Skating
Championships. Figure skating was an indoor sport; figure skating
was first added to the program at the 1908 London Olympics. First
Figure Skating would also be in the 1920 Summer Olympics before
becoming an official Winter Olympics sport at the inaugural games in
1924 Chamonix, France.

Figure skaters compete at various levels from beginner up to the
international competitions. The International Skating Union regulates
international figure skating judging and competitions. Figure Skating
is an official event in the Winter Olympic Games. Other than in the
English language, figure skating is usually referred to by a name that
translates as “artistic skating”.

Some figure skaters like skating because some people like the
sense of accomplishment you get when you finally land a new jump or
finally get a new spin. People should care because some people like
the feeling of being on the ice and the feeling of freedom when they
are skating.

Figure skating has been interrupted due to wars, such as WWI. The
media and other community people had been trying to help the figure
skaters resolve their figure skating problems that have occurred on
the ice these past years. There are different types of problems on the
single and pair competition. Dancing on the ice and skating on the
ice has problems of their own that need to be resolved on the ice. The
friction of the ice has been a problem as well.


The Causes of Controversy


 In 1902, there was a woman name Madge Syers who had entered
the World Figure Skating Championship. Her existence had caused
much controversy because she was the first female skater. Due to
this controversy the International Skating Union quickly banned the
women skaters from competing against the male skaters. In 1906
there was a separate event for the women skaters.
 
Sonja Henie’s Entrance
 
On March 20, 1914 an international figure skating championship
was held in New Haven, Connecticut. This figure skating competition
was the ancestor of the United States and the Canadian National
Championship. In the 1920s and ‘30s, figure skating competitions
were being dominated by Sonja Henie. This led to a lucrative
professional career as a touring skater and a movie star. This meant
that she was making a lot of money with her skating career. Sonja
Henie’s movies and ice skating shows, such as Shipstads and
Johnson Ice Follies, brought the sport of figure skating into the public
spotlight. Sonja Henie also set the fashion for the women skaters, by
wearing white boots and short skirts.

Henie was also responsible for naming the sport. Figure skating
is called figure skating today because years ago there was clean ice
in a figure of an eight which was she called figures back then. Karl
Schofer and Gillis Grafstrom were leading male skaters at this time
that helped Henie when she did run into difficulties with her skating.
 
Plane Crash Sadly, in 1961, there was a plane crash that killed the 1961 US
Olympic Figure Skating Team. 18 figure skaters, as well as, many
coaches died in the crash. As a result, the American figure skating
team was weakened for a number of years to come.

 Traditional Gender Roles


 
During WWII, the female skaters became more dominant than
the male skaters. Prior to this time, females danced with females
and males danced with males during the pairs skating. The females
disliked the pairing situation, and spoke to the International Skating
Committee and changed it to make male-female pairs.
Today, figure skaters are pushing to compete in Pairs and Ice
dancing with same sex partners. However, they are being pushed
into traditional gender roles and the international skating union
refuses to allow the skaters to compete. Performing as part of a Pair
is important, because they have a chance to do better than they might
do performing alone.

This focus on traditional gender roles has at times not been on
the skater’s abilities on the ice, but the degree of their masculinity off
the ice. This has to do with stereotype of the male personality, which
is to be competitive, tall, aggressive and protective. Jennifer Kirk,
who is an actual figure skater, said “Weir, an outspoken personality
who has once referred to as a ‘gazelle on the ice’ by skating
commentator Dick Button, has taken on a magnitude of criticism for
his flamboyant mannerisms.” This shows that some people have a
hard time accepting that figure skaters are gay.


Friction has occurred on Ice


The friction has been making the difference on skating on the
ice and dancing on the ice. When you watch someone skate on the
ice, marks can be seen on the ice. These marks are where the blades
of the skate dig into the ice, and create friction. If there is not any
friction on the ice, skating will be impossible because the skates on
the ice will not have traction.
When a 156.39 flashes on some board there will be many
numbers and way too little explanations as to where the results
will be coming from. When they make the wrong moves from the
music it is easy for them to pick it up but they will be losing a lot of
points from their mistakes. It is becoming a big distraction for the
competitors.


In conclusion, understanding figure skating is important
because it is one of America’s favorite sports in the Olympics. It is
fun to watch them on the ice, but it is also important to understand
how the sport became what it is. It is nice to see the pairs come
together dancing on the ice for the final ceremony, because it shows
them reuniting, bringing the whole skating community together.

          

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Comments

Visuals? impresing though

Visuals? impresing though

lot of information very good

lot of information very good job!

thank you

thank you

ur welcome

ur welcome

thank you! visuals are

thank you! visuals are pictures

i like your article,you want

i like your article,

you want to become this in the future>? 

no i want to be a doctor or

no i want to be a doctor or a teacher
JT