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HIV and AIDS: Can a Cure be Found?

Author: 
Jinmyung4

HIV and AIDS are terrifying to all people, but some people with HIV live a happy life, even if they know that they are HIV positive. Vanessa, a 15 year-old girl living in Maryland says “I was born with HIV because my mother was HIV positive. My mother knew that I was HIV positive when I was 2, and every day, I have to drink medications, but I don’t care if the world knows that I have HIV.”

Just like Vanessa, there are a lot of people finding hope, and they think positively even if they have HIV. Nonetheless, that doesn't change the fact that HIV and AIDS cannot be cured.

What is AIDS?          

AIDS or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome is a developed form of HIV (Human Immunodeficiency virus). HIV lowers the number of THIV virus-Cells in the body, and eventually breaks the immune system down. T-Cells are the cells in our bodies that fight off diseases and germs. The T-Cells also create antibodies, so the body can remember the disease. As the number of T-Cells drop, the body cannot fight off the diseases that enter our bodies constantly. When the number of T-Cells drop to a point where there are too many germs and diseases to fight off, then it is called AIDS.

How bad is it?          

According to UNAIDS and the Global Summary of AIDS epidemic updated in December, number of people with hiv up to 20072007, 33.2 million people were living with HIV, or AIDS. 22.5 million of those who are infected are in Sub-Saharan Africa. That is about two-thirds of the total population of people with HIV and AIDS. Every year, the number of people with HIV keeps growing. Maybe the key to getting rid of the disease is to save the Sub-Saharan Africa population with the money people are spending looking for a cure.

What Are Scientists Doing?         

 HIV and AIDS have been around since the 1970s. Scientists have been trying to come up with a cure for it, but tUNAIDShere is no known cure for HIV yet. In the United States, organizations such as NIH (National Institute of Health) and CDC (Center for Disease Control) are working on cures for HIV, and they are constantly funding medicine to help the people with HIV.

 However, the only thing that HIV-infected people can do right now is to take medication so that the number of T-Cells does not drop. Without their medication, the number T-Cells in the body would drop to a lower point, makingNIH it harder for the person to survive. Some people, instead of trying to find a cure, are trying to make a difference with speeches, like Miriam Maluwa. She is the Bahamas & Cuba UNAIDS country coordinator, and she says “This work is personally rewarding, because I’m making a difference every day.” People can live a perfectly fine life if they take medications, but they cannot be fully normal again.  

What Should the Government Do?          

There are a lot of people with HIV, and many of them are less than 18, just like Vanessa. The government is trying hard to prevent HIV in nih funding for hiv and aidsthis country, and the government has spent more money on HIV and AIDS than any other disease. Annually, NIH has spent $4902.05 per person living with HIV, as shown in this picture. The funding for AIDS is enough for this country, but the real problem is the Sub-Saharan Africa. If the government is really trying to help people with AIDS, the first place they should fund is the Sub-Saharan Africa where the HIV/AIDS prevalence is the highest. Spending money on prevention is more effective than looking for a cure, since a cure may never be found.

JT