What are High Schools Doing About Teen Pregnancies?


Is it right for high schools to hand out birth control pills to teenage students? Many parents think it is okay for their child’s high school to hand out birth control pills. However, some parents disagree. Earlham High School and Hewett School on Long Island are two of the thirteen schools across the country that are giving teenagers access to birth control pills.

What Do Some Parents Think?: Birth Control PillsAlthough health workers persuade teens to delay sexual intercourse it may seem as though by giving them contraceptives they are telling teens to have sex. Anthea Tunmore has two daughters of her own and says “I personally don’t think it’s a good idea for the schools to be doing that. It gives teens that little bit of freedom to go out and have sex.”

 Although Tunmore thinks negatively about high schools handing out birth control pills to teenage students, a spokeswoman from Earlham High School contradicts what Mrs.Tunmore thinks. "It's about having health facilities on site. The area that our students come from has a history of young people not accessing services, so it makes sense to have that service on school sites."

The Birth Control Pill: The birth control pill is one of the many contraceptives given out to teenage students in their high schools. It is a pill with hormones that control the uterus and the ovaries. Most birth control pills are combined with estrogen and progesterone to avoid ovulation, the releasing of an egg throughout the monthly sequence. The pill makes sure a woman does not ovulate so the egg cannot be fertilized, therefore she cannot get pregnant. The pill also creates a thicker layer of mucus around the cervix, the top area of the uterus, so the sperm cannot fertilize any of the eggs that have been released from the uterus.

The effects of not using contraceptives: By high schools handing out contraceptives they not only help prevent Chlamydiapregnancies but sexually transmitted diseases and sexually transmitted infections, STD’s and STI’s, as well. HIV/AIDS (Human Immunodeficiency Virus/ Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) is the harshest STD. AIDS is the last and most severe form of HIV. Some of the sicknesses pregnancies cause can lead to certain types of cancer and the inability to produce offspring. A common STI is chlamydia, which is caused by a tiny bacterium called Chlamydia Trachomatis. Chlamydia can be treated but it shows no symptoms so it is hard to detect. It is very dangerous to have sex because you do not know what kind of diseases and infections are being transferred into your body.

        Many high schools believe in handing out contraceptives so their teenage students do not become pregnant or get STDs. Some parents agree with their children having access to contraceptives. Other parents think access to contraceptives tempts teenagers to have sex. 


- (http://www.truthtv.org/newstext.asp?newsid=3244)

- (http://www.truthtv.org/newstext.asp?newsid=3244)

- (http://kidshealth.org/teen/sexual_health/contraception/contraception_birth.html)

-(http://www.cbu.dataphone.se/EngBarnrapp/unsafese.html)            - - (http://www.netdoctor.co.uk/diseases/facts/chlamydia.htm)